Child Labor

Historically, low-income youth were more likely to work in high-risk occupations such as agriculture, mining, and manufacturing to support their families.  Poverty-related health problems, such as malnutrition, fatigue, and anemia, increased the risks and consequences of work-related hazards that could lead to permanent disabilities and premature death.

In the first part of the 20th century, activists advocated for child labor regulations. In 1938, Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act, which included provisions about children.