Members of the Indians of All Tribes group occupying the former prison at Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay, 1969
Courtesy of Associated Press
Beginning in November 1969, Indians of All Tribes, a group of 78 activists, occupied Alcatraz Island for 19 months. The group demonstrated for the rights of American Indians, including the return of illegally taken lands. A mix of radicalism and American Indian traditionalism, Indians of All Tribes’ action represented the start of a new activism movement.